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By D. Armstrong

Scientific texts supply a strong technique of getting access to modern perceptions of sickness and during them assumptions concerning the nature of the physique and identification. via mapping those perceptions, from their nineteenth-century specialise in sickness situated in a organic physique via to their 'discovery' of the psycho-social sufferer of the overdue 20th century, a background of id, either actual and mental, is published.

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Newton advised that a ‘thorough and painstaking examination of the whole body and of each particular function of every pupil should be regularly made, and a complete chart should be filled out … ’ (Newton 1907: 666). Milligan (1918) even suggested a national Central Anthropometric Bureau where such statistics could be registered. Making the Body Move 41 Exercise Then the body could be brought into action. Not hurriedly, but building up to its full potential. Brunton (1915) thought that the best exercise was one ‘which puts in action every muscle of the body, but does not put any one into action for too great a length of time at once or in too violent a manner’ (p.

Milligan (1918) even suggested a national Central Anthropometric Bureau where such statistics could be registered. Making the Body Move 41 Exercise Then the body could be brought into action. Not hurriedly, but building up to its full potential. Brunton (1915) thought that the best exercise was one ‘which puts in action every muscle of the body, but does not put any one into action for too great a length of time at once or in too violent a manner’ (p. 3): Slow exercises requiring a certain tension of the muscles, such as posturing, dumbells, Indian clubs and the use of elastic cords tend to increase the strength of the muscles.

Sanitary science had split the world into two parts, nature and a body-separated-out, but then, at the end of life, those worlds had to be collapsed together again, the crucial distinction between anatomical and non-anatomical space dissolved. Such a process threatened the inviolability of the rules of hygiene that underpinned sanitary practice. Sanitary science had maintained the integrity of the body by trying to monitor and exclude these dangerous substances – mainly dirt – from crossing the great divide: how then could the body, this great creation of hygienic practice, be reduced to something akin to dirt?

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