Download Agnotology: The Making and Unmaking of Ignorance by Robert N. Proctor PDF

By Robert N. Proctor

What do not we all know, and why do not we all know it? What retains lack of understanding alive, or permits it for use as a political tool? Agnotology—the research of ignorance—provides a brand new theoretical standpoint to develop conventional questions on ''how we know'' to invite: Why do not we all know what we do not understand? The essays assembled in Agnotology exhibit that lack of know-how is usually greater than simply a lack of data; it might even be the end result of cultural and political struggles. lack of expertise has a heritage and a political geography, yet there also are issues humans don't need you to grasp (''Doubt is our product'' is the tobacco slogan). person chapters deal with examples from the geographical regions of world weather swap, army secrecy, lady orgasm, environmental denialism, local American paleontology, theoretical archaeology, racial lack of knowledge, and extra. The target of this quantity is to higher know the way and why a number of kinds of understanding don't emerge as, or have disappeared, or became invisible.

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Superior Case N o . BC 226593, Transcript of Proceedings, vol. 3 1 A , 5262. 28. T h e words "deceive," "misleading," "fraud," and cognates appear 4 5 4 times with reference to t o b a c c o industry actions in J u d g e G l a d y s Kessler's " F i n a l O p i n i o n " in U S A v. Philip M o r r i s e t al. ( A u g u s t 1 8 , 2 0 0 6 ) , online a t h t t p : / / w w w . t o b a c c o l a w c e n t e r . o r g / d o c u m e n t s / F i n a l O p i n i o n . p d f . T h e C o u r t here n o t e s t h a t n u m e r o u s " a c t s o f c o n c e a l m e n t a n d d e c e p t i o n " were m a d e "intentionally and deliberately" as part of a "multifaceted, sophisticated scheme t o d e f r a u d .

Courts, 1 9 9 0 - 2 0 0 2 , " T o b a c c o C o n t r o l 15 (2006): iv 27. Kenneth Ludmerer, testimony in B o e k e n v. C o u r t o f C a l i f o r n i a for the C o u n t y o f L o s A n g e l e s , 117-125. , Superior Case N o . BC 226593, Transcript of Proceedings, vol. 3 1 A , 5262. 28. T h e words "deceive," "misleading," "fraud," and cognates appear 4 5 4 times with reference to t o b a c c o industry actions in J u d g e G l a d y s Kessler's " F i n a l O p i n i o n " in U S A v. Philip M o r r i s e t al.

A n d so it has remained for over half a century. 19 Just such secrets, says Q u i s t , o u g h t to be understood by c o m p a r i s o n w i t h the holiest of trade se­ crets, that best kept of all commercial formulae, "the recipe for C o c a - C o l a C l a s s i c . . has been kept a secret for over one hundred years. It is said that only t w o C o c a - C o l a c o m p a n y executives k n o w that recipe [which] is in a safe deposit b o x in A t l a n t a , w h i c h m a y be opened only by vote of the c o m p a n y ' s b o a r d of d i r e c t o r s .

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