Download An Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge by Noah Lemos PDF

By Noah Lemos

Epistemology or the idea of data is without doubt one of the cornerstones of analytic philosophy, and this booklet presents a transparent and obtainable advent to the topic. It discusses many of the major theories of justification, together with foundationalism, coherentism, reliabilism, and advantage epistemology. different issues comprise the Gettier challenge, internalism and externalism, skepticism, the matter of epistemic circularity, the matter of the criterion, a priori wisdom, and naturalized epistemology. meant essentially for college students taking a firstclass in epistemology, this lucid and well-written textual content could additionally supply an outstanding advent for someone drawn to figuring out extra approximately this significant sector of philosophy.

Part of the Cambridge Introductions to Philosophy sequence.

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The Gettier problem Second, justificational defeat involves propositions for which one has evidence. In order for a proposition d to justificationally defeat S’s evidence for believing that p, one must have evidence for both d and p. In contrast, if a proposition d factually defeats S’s justification for believing that p, then S has no evidence for d. Factual defeaters are, in this respect ‘‘hidden’’ defeaters. They are defeaters for which one has no evidence. Third, justificational defeat matters to one’s justification in a way that factual defeat does not.

In this case, your belief that there is a man in the room is true and justified, but it is not an instance of knowledge. 25 26 An Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge This seems to be another case in which we have a justified true belief that is not knowledge. But note that in this case your justified true belief is not formed by inferring it from some other justified belief. Consequently, it is not clear how denying the PDC would help with this case. Alternatively, one might respond to the Gettier problem by denying that it is possible for someone to be justified in believing a false proposition.

The fact that all men are mortal does not seem to cause anything. It does not seem to be causally connected to one’s belief that all men are mortal and, thus, it is not appropriately connected. If D12 were true, then we would not know such a generalization. But since it seems clear that we do, D12 must be false. Second, consider those cases where knowledge involves a proper reconstruction of the causal chain. Goldman writes that if one is to know p, one’s reconstruction of the chain must contain no mistakes.

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