By James Marten
The Civil warfare not often scratched the accomplice nation of Texas. millions of Texans died on battlefields countless numbers of miles to the east, in fact, however the struggle didn't damage Texas's farms or plantations or her few miles of railroads. even if unchallenged from with no, accomplice Texans confronted demanding situations from within―from fellow Texans who antagonistic their reason. Dissension sprang from a large number of seeds. It emerged from prewar political and ethnic variations; it surfaced after wartime hardships and strength risk wore down the resistance of less-than-enthusiastic rebels; it flourished, as a few reaped large earnings from the weird battle economic system of Texas.
Texas Divided is neither the historical past of the Civil struggle in Texas, nor of secession or Reconstruction. quite, it's the heritage of guys facing the occasionally fragmented southern society within which they lived―some struggling with to alter it, others to maintain it―and an exam of the strains that divided Texas and Texans through the sectional clash of the 19th century.
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Additional info for Texas Divided: Loyalty and Dissent in the Lone Star State, 1856-1874
He had always said that he would bow to the wishes of the majority of his constituents, and the landslide victory for secession in February con firmed what the secessionists had been saying for months. As a result, Houston accepted the fact, if not the justice or the legality, of secession. In a declaration to the people of Texas in mid-March, he asserted his "deter mination to stand by Texas in whatever position she assumes. " He had for many years linked his fortunes to those of his adopted state, "follow[ing] her banners .
The secession convention reassembled, ended all talk of a reborn Texas republic by joining the rest of the Lower South in the Confederate States of America, and promptly declared the governor's office vacant when Houston refused to take an oath to support the Confederacy. lo Secession in Texas, as in the other Confederate states, made southern rights and an acceptance of secession the bases of a new national loyalty, while confederation created an institution to which all Texans suddenly owed their allegiance; The absence ofa powerful opposition to secession in Texas encouraged militant secessionists to crack down harshly and confi dently whenever dissent surfaced during the months and years that fol lowed.
The actions of the more recently arrived and less predictable liberals, however, led Texans to suspect the loyalty of all Germans. " The platform contained a number of progressive social, politi cal, and religious reforms, but its most volatile plank-as well as its most publicized-declared "that slavery is an evil, whose final removal is essen tial to the foundation ofdemocracy" and urged southern state governments to take steps to eliminate the institution. 25 The San Antonio meeting inspired a storm of criticism and sparked a scramble by the majority of Germans to divorce themselves from the abolitionism of a few of their countrymen.